"There is one MiG in my past and the future or
Why are monuments to planes established?"
Denis Gazutdinov I.
Lyceum No. 123,
As a part of the historical and cultural environment monuments has
impact on formation of the identity of each person. That’s why this work is connected
with aircrafts, which having honestly served on air open spaces of the Motherland
in a military and peace time, on
vacation became monuments of fighting and labor glory, museum pieces and simply
sights of the different Russia cities.
The purpose of this work was definition of the main reasons for
installation of memorial planes-monuments in Russia in different years and
research of the received classification.
In the first section of work the review of events and the phenomena
promoting installation of aviation monuments during the various historical
periods of our state was made on the basis of various information sources. It
was revealed that at the present time the revival of the lost symbols and
installation of new sculptural compositions was begun in Russian cities.
In the second section the analysis and classification of the reasons of
installation more than 800 aviamonuments were made. The information sources
such as the Internet, personal meetings with directors of the Ufa technical
museums and the staff of the Ufa airport, periodicals were used during research.
It was defined that the majority of monuments are museum pieces.
In the third section the collected information about aviamonuments was
ordered according to the name of aviation developmental bureau. The interesting
facts about planes - "leaders" were found out. As a result of such
systematization was revealed that more than a half of planes – monuments are
fighting MiG and SU. There are considerably fewer civil An, Il and Tu.
The fourth section was devoted to memorial planes of Ufa. This section information
was collected in archives of aviation university and the Ufa airport museums.
During research it was found out that each of them personifies achievements of
Ufa residents in various fields of activity and unique on its own way.
As a result of work it is established that Russia is proud of its world
aviation records, air fights victories during the Great Patriotic War battles,
achievements of peace aircraft in research of the novel. There are planes –
monuments to all this.